“Learn to learn”. This seems to be the motto of the digital era, making news headlines this past decade. Summoning precious and coveted skills through self-learning should be the priority of every individual to improve their employability. It is all the more important when we know that “85% of the jobs in 2030 do not even exist today”, according to a March 2017 study conducted by Dell and the Institute for the Future, a Californian think tank.
What are the new skills sought after by recruiters? What will they be in the upcoming years? Individuals’ drive and digital proficiency have clearly become indispensable in the eyes of recruiters.
According to Yuval Noah Harari, author of Sapiens: A Brief History of Human kind and Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow, AI will create “a mass of useless humans “that will be replaced by robots filled with AI. Many industries are concerned by the redefinition of some of their professions. It is a time for worry or optimism?
Furthermore, Laurent Alexandre, French Surgeon Urologist specialized in AI stresses our misunderstanding of the subject: “Our brain is completely inert; it does not progress at the rate at which artificial intelligence is progressing.” According to him, it is crucial to begin a training phase for young people in the professions of tomorrow.
The aim of this article is to, first of all, highlight the main technical and relational skills that recruiters value nowadays and, secondly, discuss the impact of AI on various professions.
In order to successfully support their digital transformation and obtain a genuine competitive advantage, businesses are now looking for highly technical profiles with expertise in the following fields:
On the other hand, it seems that companies are becoming more and more demanding when it comes to interpersonal skills. It is not enough to have solid technical knowledge; one must also possess qualities such as:
These skills emphasize teamwork, listening, communication and organization, and will strengthen the corporate culture.
AI at the recruiter’s service:
AI at the jurists’/lawyers’ service:
While this is a non-exhaustive list, it goes to say that, generally speaking, all industries and professions are concerned by this transformation.
According to a study conducted by McKinsey & Cie in 46 countries and 800 different professions, “800 million workers will lose their jobs by 2030, due to automation.” The countries that will be most affected by this robot invasion are Germany and the United States, the most technologically advanced.
AI will certainly destroy some jobs but will create others. According to a study unveiled by the American firm Cognizant Technology Solutions Corp., AI could potentially create 21 million jobs currently unknown to the general public (genetic diversity agents, personal memory guardians, etc.).
Mark Zuckerberg, CEO of Facebook, is very reassuring and optimistic about the emergence of increasingly sophisticated algorithms. He encourages people to increase their awareness. Convinced that AI will “improve our lives”, he sites as examples, self-driving cars as being “safer than manual cars” and the possibility to come up with more efficient medical diagnoses.
Elon Musk, CEO of Tesla, does not share the same optimism as Mark Zuckerberg. On the contrary, he is very alarmed and fears that AI will take control over man. According to him, AI is a “fundamental risk to the existence of human civilization”, where he literally imagines a catastrophic scenario in which robots “could start a war by doing fake news and spoofing email accounts and fake press releases, and just by manipulating information.”
Stephen Hawking, famous British physicist, shared Elon Musk’s pessimism, stating that “Success in creating AI would be the biggest event in human history. Unfortunately, it might also be the last…”
According to Yuval Harari, author of Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow, “If scientific discoveries and technological developments split humankind into a mass of useless humans and a small elite of upgraded superhumans, or if authority shifts altogether away from human beings into the hands of highly intelligent algorithms, then liberalism will collapse. What new religions or ideologies might fill the resulting vacuum and guide the subsequent evolution of our godlike descendants?”
In addition, Yuval Harari states, “Techno-humanism agrees that Homo sapiens as we know it has run its historical course and will no longer be relevant in the future, but concludes that we should therefore use technology in order to create Homo deus – a much superior human model. Homo deus will retain some essential human features, but will also enjoy upgraded physical and mental abilities that will enable it to hold its own even against the most sophisticated non-conscious algorithms. Since intelligence is decoupling from consciousness, and since non-conscious intelligence is developing at breakneck speed, humans must actively upgrade their minds if they want to stay in the game.”
The debate (and what a debate!) is on.